Virtual Reality 1.1

navigator.activeVRDisplays() allows any page script to learn the VR displays attached to the computer.

U. Iqbal, S. Englehardt and Z. Shafiq, "Fingerprinting the Fingerprinters: Learning to Detect Browser Fingerprinting Behaviors," in 2021 2021 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP), San Francisco, CA, US, 2021 pp. 283-301 observed ( that the interface is used in the wild to fingerprint users. As it is likely that only a minority of users have a VR display connected and the API provides additional information on the HW, it is likely that users with a VR display connected are easily fingerprintable.

As we expect that the majority of the users does not have a VR display connected, we provide only a single mitigation - the wrapped APIs returns an empty list.

Known bug: The standard provides events vrdisplayconnect, vrdisplaydisconnect vrdisplayactivate and vrdisplaydeactivate that fires at least on the window object. We do not mitigate the event to fire and consequently, it is possible that an adversary can learn that a VR display was (dis)connected but there was no change in the result of the navigator.activeVRDisplays() API.

The VRFrameData object carries a timestamp. As we allow wrapping of several ways to obtain timestamps, we need to provide the same precision for the VRFrameData object.